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Montgomery County -- Courts

The court system in Montgomery County is headquartered in the county seat, Rockville. Here is a brief overview of the legal system:

District and Circuit Court
There are two levels of trial courts: the state-run District Court, operating in Rockville and Silver Spring, and the county-run Circuit Court of Montgomery County (part of Maryland’s Sixth Judicial Circuit with Frederick) in Rockville.

Generally speaking, the District Court handles small claims cases, as well as misdemeanors and felonies with penalties of less than three years in jail or as much as $2,500 in fines. Speeding, red-light running, drunken driving and landlord-tenant cases generally are heard there.

All trials in District Court are argued before a judge; the court hears no jury trials.

The Circuit Court handles major civil and criminal cases, family law cases such as divorce and custody, and appeals from the District Court. It is the only court in the county to have jury trials.

Juvenile Court is part of the Circuit Court, but is temporarily housed at District Court in Rockville until the Circuit Court is expanded.

The county’s District Court has 11 judges, including Administrative Judge Eugene Wolfe. The county’s Circuit Court has 22 judges, including County Administrative Judge John W. Debelius III.
Information can be found at

State’s Attorney’s Office
The state’s attorney for Montgomery County serves an elected four-year term. John McCarthy (D) was elected to the office in 2006 and again in 2010.


Circuit Court of Montgomery County

Judicial Center
50 Maryland Ave.
Rockville, MD 20850
Clerk’s Office: 240-777-9466
Jury duty questions: 240-777-9090

District Court

Rockville Courthouse
191 E. Jefferson St.
Rockville, MD 20850
Administrative clerk: Judy Lohman
Civil. criminal, traffic office: 301-563-8800
Silver Spring Courthouse
8552 Second Ave.
Silver Spring
Silver Spring, MD 20910

Orphans Court

50 Maryland Ave.
Rockville, MD 20850

State’s Attorney’s Office

Fifth Floor
50 Maryland Ave.
Rockville, MD 20850
State's Attorney: John McCarthy (D)

Other legal organizations

Bar Association of Montgomery County

27 W. Jefferson St.
Rockville, MD 20850
Lawyer Referral Service: 301-279-9100
Pro-Bono: 301-762-5831
The Bar Foundation: 301-340-2534
The Bar Foundation offers pro-bono legal services and charitable support to the community.

Charles W. Gilchrist Center for Cultural Diversity

Wheaton Library Site
11701 Georgia Ave.
Wheaton, MD 20902
The center offers basic legal assistance, citizenship and civic classes, immigration advice, health services, English classes and other resources.
Upcounty Site
12900 Middlebrook Road
Germantown, MD 20874

Lawyer Referral Service


Maryland Legal Aid

600 Jefferson Plaza
Suite 430
Rockville, MD 20852

Montgomery County Family Justice Center

600 Jefferson Plaza
Suite 500
Rockville, MD 20852
24-Hour Crisis Line: 240-777-4000

Pro Bono Program


Spanish Catholic Center

201 E. Diamond Ave.
3rd Floor
Gaithersburg, MD 20877
Catholic Charities Archdiocese of Washington's Spanish Catholic Center offers medical and dental clinics, job training programs, English classes, a food pantry and case management services in four locations. The Center offers holistic services to immigrants from around the world.
Montgomery Medical and Dental Clinics
12247 Georgia Ave.
Silver Spring, MD 301-933-0868

Takoma East Silver Spring (TESS) Community Service Center

8513 Piney Branch Road
Silver Spring, MD 20901

The Office of the Public Defender (criminal cases only)

191 E. Jefferson St.
Rockville, MD 20850
Silver Spring Office
8552 Second Ave.
Silver Spring, MD 20910